When you feel anxious, you have some rituals that ease your mind. But the anxiety never goes away entirely. Your habit may become more extreme when you’re under stress. You may consciously know that these habits and routines are actually getting in your way, but you can’t seem to resist. Your friends say you’re “eccentric” or a perfectionist, but such thoughts and behaviors could be early signs of something called obsessive-compulsive disorder.
What Is OCD?
“Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder that affects people of all ages and walks of life and occurs when a person gets caught in a cycle of obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are unwanted, intrusive thoughts, images, or urges that trigger intensely distressing feelings. Compulsions are behaviors an individual engages in to attempt to get rid of the obsessions or decrease their distress.”
What Are The Symptoms?
About six million people in America have OCD. Men and women get it at comparable rates, and it crosses all age groups, from school-aged children to older adults.
- Unwanted or disturbing doubts
- Thoughts about self-harm, infection, intimacy, religion, or health
- Washing, checking, praying, and other ritualistic activities
- Overthinking to overcome unwanted thoughts
You also could be aware of what’s triggering upsetting thoughts and behaviors and avoid them at all costs.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder gets a chapter in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and is listed beside similar conditions which share analogous symptoms:
- Hoarding disorder. This is where you spend a lot of time arranging things. You don’t see any issues with excessive collecting and may not respond well to traditional OCD treatment.
- Body dysmorphic disorder. This is where you’re obsessed with your own perceived flaws, sad thoughts are extremely time-consuming, and other known mental disorders don’t cause your feelings.
- Body-focused repetitive behaviors. This means you do repetitive behaviors when you’re uncomfortable, such as pulling hair and picking at your skin – often to relieve stress.
- Olfactory reference syndrome. This is a little-recognized and often serious illness that is similar to obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder. If you suffer from this condition, you may think you smell bad when you really don’t.
Can You Develop OCD Later In Life?
Research has shown that for most people, OCD symptoms first appear when they fall between two age groups: Between 10 and 12 years old and between the late teen years and early adulthood. This isn’t to say it can’t begin earlier or later, but in most cases, it’s unusual for obsessive-compulsive disorder to crop up later in life.
According to a study in the Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, “Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common and potentially disabling illness with onset usually in the second or third decade of life. Onset after age 50 is relatively rare and may be more likely to have an organic etiology. Out of an OCD patient population of over 1,000, the authors found 5 cases in which symptoms of OCD first developed late in life. Four of the five patients had intracerebral lesions in the frontal lobes and caudate nuclei, findings consistent with current theories about the pathogenesis of “idiopathic” OCD.”
In some cases where OCD develops suddenly later in life, research points to a possible culprit: an infection-triggered autoimmune encephalopathy.
Other causes for OCD may be “thinking mistakes” such as:
- Thinking of taking action “is the same as doing it,” or desiring to
- People should manage their thoughts
- Not preventing bad thoughts is just like causing harm
- You’re responsible for harm, regardless of the situations
OCD could be caused by problems with brain structure, faulty neurotransmitters, genetics (inherited from a blood relative), or even pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders linked to streptococcal infections.
Diagnosis & Treatment
Diagnosing OCD or another mental illness normally involves being examined by a medical doctor or psychiatric specialist with the goal of discovering an underlying cause for your condition. In either case, your healthcare provider will look for:
- Signs that you have obsessions.
- Signs that you exhibit compulsive behaviors.
- Signs that the occurrence of either is time-consuming and may interfere with important activities held as important, like holding a job, attending school, or spending time with loved ones.
Once your condition has been diagnosed, the issue becomes what sort of treatment is appropriate for your condition, like ketamine, psychotherapy, or something else.
Millions of Americans suffer from OCD. The symptoms don’t have to rule your life. Experts and clinicians alike have put a lot of time and research into the causes and cures for OCD. While there is not a one-stop solution, ketamine therapy has provided immense relief to many individuals suffering from OCD.
Revitalizing Infusion Therapies exists to make a world of difference in the lives of the patients we serve. We dedicate our days to turning the tide for patients with serious, life-interrupting mental and physical illnesses, especially individuals who have tried other treatments with limited success. Contact us today!