Everyone gets depressed. Your favorite television character was killed off unexpectedly? You may feel bummed about that. Your go-to fast food restaurant took your favorite item off the menu? Now you start binge eating. While these could be signs of depression, other symptoms like suicidal thoughts, and detachment, are much more serious, and a doctor should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment options.
WHAT IS DEPRESSION?
Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks. It’s a condition that is sometimes misdiagnosed, particularly for women. Why? Because its symptoms often mimic those exhibited by other illnesses, like arthritis or heart problems.
HOW BIG OF A PROBLEM IS DEPRESSION?
Different kinds of depression are a huge problem in the United States and globally. According to the World Health Organization, about 280 million people get symptoms each year. The numbers vary, but generally, about 18 to 20 million U.S. adults exhibit depression in any year. However, depression does not just only effect adults, it also affects nearly 2 million children annually in the U.S. alone. Fortunately, psychotherapy and other innovative treatments can help control its symptoms.
WHAT DOES DEPRESSION LOOK LIKE?
Depression looks like the face of anyone you meet, anywhere. It’s a condition that doesn’t discriminate and will reach out and harm anyone regardless of age, gender, religion, or social status. Sometimes, it may even look like your own reflection.
Here’s what depression looks like in women:
- Depression is a real, not fake, condition. Regardless of how it’s portrayed in social or popular media, its symptoms are very real and can be harmful emotionally and physically. And it’s not something you can snap out of because you think you’re too busy for it.
- Depression symptoms manifest in various ways like: sadness, anxiety, low moods, irritability, feelings of guilt or worthlessness, low energy, trouble sleeping, feeling that things you used to enjoy doing are now a chore, relationship problems, you either don’t eat enough or eat more than you should, personal hygiene becoming a bother.
- As a woman, you’re susceptible to different kinds of depression: premenstrual dysphoric disorder, perinatal depression, perimenopausal depression, and even seasonal affective disorder.
- Depression can be treated in many ways, including with psychotherapy and IV ketamine or nasal sprays like Spravato.
- Researchers at the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health and elsewhere are dedicated to finding solutions for women’s mental health issues.
Here’s what depression looks like in men:
- Men exhibit many of the “classic” symptoms of depression: sadness, anxiety, worry, eating or sleeping problems, and relationship issues.
- Unlike women, however, a man is more likely to engage in risky behavior as a cure for depression.
- Depression symptoms in men often go undiagnosed for many reasons: men may not recognize depression symptoms like headaches or fatigue, they may take warning signs for granted or think they’ll go away on their own, men internalize their problems and can be reluctant to discuss medical issues like depression. Men may also resist seeking medical treatment of any kind – particularly related to mental health.
- Men are more likely to complete a suicide attempt compared to women because they use more violent means such as weapons, are more impulsive regarding suicide thoughts, and exhibit fewer warning signs – like talking about suicide.
If you’re a man or woman contemplating suicide, call someone for help.
Depression is also especially worrisome for people – men and women – who consider themselves to be high-functioning individuals. If you’re particularly successful in your personal or professional life, and have set high standards, you may ignore warning signs that would otherwise be a warning shot for someone else.
HOW TO DIAGNOSE & TREAT DEPRESSION
If you’re depressed, the first thing to do is get diagnosed. There are two possibilities:
- A medical examination. This is where a doctor may perform tests to see if an underlying condition is causing the symptoms.
- A psychiatric assessment will focus on your thoughts, feelings, and behavior. You will be asked about your personal or family history of mental illness, and to complete a questionnaire to help with the diagnosis. Your therapist may also refer to the DSM-5 for guidance.
After diagnosis, your healthcare provider may recommend psychotherapy, self-help, lifestyle changes, antidepressants, ketamine, spravato/esketamine, or some combination of multiple treatment options.
Depression affects millions, but its symptoms – if diagnosed – can be treated and, in many cases, reduced to the point where they’re manageable. Some of the warning signs, like suicidal thoughts, are more serious and require immediate attention. Don’t wait. Call your healthcare provider today for more information or look online.